The National Planning Institute was established by Law No. 231 of 1960 as a public institution with an independent legal personality to enhance the approach and thought of scientific planning in Egypt through research, training and educational activities, support the role and tasks of the Ministry of Planning, disseminate thought and planning work in all national institutions, and spread a culture of planning in the Egyptian society.

In confirmation of the Institute’s role in supporting comprehensive development in Egypt since its establishment, the Institute has been provided with the necessary human and material capabilities and has sent many scholarships to all parts of the world to obtain scientific degrees in various disciplines, and the Institute has also brought in the world’s leading experts in the field of development and planning for the transfer of experience And knowledge to the Institute, and many areas of cooperation with international organizations of the United Nations, and many scientific institutes in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. The institute was also provided with technological capabilities with the standards of the times, as the institute had the honor and preceded the possession of the first computer in Egypt in 1960.

Throughout its career of more than five decades, the Institute has made significant additions and contributions to its core areas of work and tasks. The Ministry of Planning participated in preparing various development plans and strategies, and in evaluating, selecting and studying major projects, and also supported the planner’s efforts in dealing with important aspects of development such as: regional development, study of undeveloped, environmental and sustainability issues, gender planning, trade and navigation cooperation between the countries of the Basin. Nile, regional and international economic cooperation, development of national accounts, and others. The Institute also cooperates with the Ministry of Planning in implementing important research projects.

 In the field of research: The Institute's research publications have varied and varied, including a series of planning and development issues, external notes, policy pamphlets, and recently policy papers. These publications dealt with all-important economic, social, cultural and knowledge development issues for more than five decades. The Institute cooperated in joint research teams with the beneficiaries of its research activities and stakeholders across the country, many of which were distinguished by their field and practical dimensions. The Institute had the honor and preceded the issuance of the first national report on human development in the Arab world in 1993 and the following reports annually. Later, it issued human development reports at the governorate level. The institute issues a specialized scientific journal: The Egyptian Journal of Development and Planning.

The activity of research publications and the scientific journal has been supported by parallel scientific, research and cultural activities that are no less important, such as: Seminar Tuesday, meeting experts, scientific follow-up, round tables seminar, scientific seminars, the annual intellectual forum, and other activities and tributaries that converged to form the features of the research personality of this prestigious institution .

In the field of training and consulting: the institute's achievements were no less distinguished, as the institute's training contributions varied, and reached strategic and non-traditional aspects to support development, as well as included multiple and diverse categories and sectors, with local, Arab and international participation. Among the most prominent activities of the Institute in this field is the implementation of dozens of training programs annually in the Egyptian governorates, ministries and government agencies, in addition to various training in the field of computing. The Institute's diploma has also contributed over many decades to building the capabilities of thousands of youth and leaders of Egypt, Arab and African countries in the field of planning and development.

In the field of postgraduate studies: the institute has witnessed a qualitative leap in recent years by starting the institute’s master’s program for planning and development, which was approved by the Supreme Council of Universities in 2008/2009, and preparing to start implementing a master’s program in cooperation with the African Institute for Economic Development and Planning IDEP. In this field, the Institute of National Planning has signed many protocols for cooperation with twenty-five institutions (at the international, African, Arab and national levels).

In addition to the foregoing, the Institute has accumulated, through its busy career, a distinguished stock of experiences and knowledge that represented competitive advantages for it throughout its long career, such as: expertise in operations research, modeling, statistics and national accounts, experiences in creating databases, information and knowledge in various planning and development fields, and experiences in developing documentation and accounting capabilities. Scientific and comprehensive libraries. The Institute’s openness, interaction and partnerships with many relevant local, regional and international organizations contributed to the accumulation of those experiences, most recently the Korean Development Institute KDI, the African Institute for Economic Development and Planning IDEP, the African Development Bank, the Arab Planning Institute, the Tunisian Institute for Competitiveness and Quantitative Studies and others. In addition, the Institute receives many international experts in various fields of development, and organizes many conferences, seminars, and scientific and intellectual forums.

A note worthy of veneration and appreciation remains, which is that the human capital of the National Planning Institute has, throughout its busy career, represented its visible and soft striking strength and its living, renewable, and sustainable balance. The institute’s human resources set out to draw from science in all scientific institutes inside and outside the country, east and west, and then returned to its mother institute to provide research and applied development experiences for this country. And I proceeded from it to occupy the highest executive and advisory positions inside and outside the country, and in all international and regional organizations, academic and educational institutions, and regional planning bodies, and to lead the most prominent regional research projects in recent decades (which are future foresight projects), so that these cadres leave imprints of light, knowledge and experience in all place, and to enhance the value of the mother institute, its spotless creative image, and the giving of its creative successive generations. Everyone hopes and dreams that the institute's young researchers will carry the institute's flapping banner to a better future.

With the aim of developing the roles of the Institute, Law No. 13 of 2015 was recently issued regarding the National Planning Institute to reinforce and confirm its role as a public body with an independent legal personality that carries out scientific activity, and a leading center for thinking on issues Planning and development, emphasizing its role in advancing research and studies related to the preparation of development plans for the state and the means of their implementation, and studying the scientific bases and methods for planning and development with the aim of providing those in charge of the planning process at all levels, decision-makers and policy makers with visions and strategic alternatives, and spreading awareness and knowledge of planning and comprehensive and sustainable development issues in the society . The new institute law also stipulated the right of the institute, alone or in cooperation with others, to award scientific degrees: diploma, master's and doctorate in the fields of planning and development.