The Institute of National Planning presented a reading of the “World Migration 2022” report, issued by the International Organization for Migration, during the eighth and final session of the scientific follow-up activity for the academic year 2022-2023, which was held at its headquarters under the direction of Prof. Aziza Ali Abdel Razek, activity coordinator and scientific supervisor. For scientific follow-up at the Institute, and the participation of Prof. Dr. Magda Imam Hassanein, Professor at the Center for Social and Cultural Planning at the Institute.
In this context, Prof. Dr. Aziza Ali Abdel Razek explained that the most important feature of the “World Migration 2022” report is that it records the migration movement during the Covid-19 pandemic, and reflects the extent to which international migration movements were affected during the past two years.
The report raises many questions about the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the migration process and the movement of people around the world, and its impact on internal migration within countries, as well as on international returns and remittances of workers abroad. The report also deals with the impact of climate changes on the decision to migrate among people.
The report indicated that migration as a phenomenon is not the same in all countries, but it varies according to circumstances from one country to another and from time to time. It also occurs for many economic and geopolitical reasons, in addition to revolutions, conflicts and coup movements.
In her reading of the report, Prof. Majda Hassanein indicated that the report focused on developments in migration during the past two years, with a focus on providing analysis that takes into account historical and contemporary factors, and that we are still suffering in many ways with great global disruption caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. 19, which has tested even the most resilient systems, countries, societies and people, recognizing that we will continue to experience the effects of the pandemic for many years to come.
The report also dealt with many migration issues, including technological, geopolitical and environmental shifts, migration and migrants, a global overview, the effects of COVID-19 on migration, in addition to artificial intelligence and its role in migration, refugee and displaced persons’ issues, and human trafficking.
The report indicated that the number of international migrants worldwide is estimated at 281 million in 2020, and the estimated proportion of international migrants for the year 2020 is about 2 million less than it was, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, noting that international movement restrictions may remain in effect in many parts of the country. world, and thus a decrease in the number of international migrants in the coming years.
The report also affirms the commitment of the International Organization for Migration to support the basic rights of migrants, who are most in need, especially in the areas where the organization works to provide humanitarian assistance to people who have been displaced by weather conditions, conflicts and persecution, as well as those who are stranded during crises, such as the Covid-19 pandemic.